Tea—a beverage made by steeping in freshly boiled water the young leaves and leaf buds of the tea plant, Camellia sinensis—can be consumed hot or cold and is widely grown and sold throughout the world.
Legend has it that tea was discovered in 2700 BCE by an old Chinese farmer when he accidentally dropped some leaves into boiling water. For millennia, people boiled fresh leaves in water to make a medicinal drink. Then around 350 CE, things got interesting. The first published account of methods of planting, processing, and drinking came along. Seeds were brought to Japan in 800 CE and they began cultivating it there. By 13th century, tea was a daily drink in Japan and well established by 17th century. Chinese people from Amoy brought tea cultivation to Formosa (Taiwan) in 1810; the Dutch brought seeds from Japan in 1826 and seeds, workers, and implements from China in 1833 to Java Island.
Types of Tea:
Black tea is any tea that comes from the Camellia sinensis plant and has undergone an oxidation process. Black tea leaves are allowed to fully oxidize before being processed and dried, which makes them dark brown and gives them their signature flavor profile. Black teas tend to be bold and brisk, with a strong flavor that some people describe as astringent.
Tea comes from the same plant as all other members of the camellia family. It is no surprise that green tea leaves are green in color; they're still green! This hue is due to the fact that this stage in the preparation process stops oxidation—that is, when apple slices brown after a few minutes of being exposed to open air. Firing is a short period of high heat applied to break down the enzymes facilitating oxidation, similar to how opening air breaks down the enzymatic activity responsible for browning.
White tea is the least processed of all varieties and harvested only once the young buds on the tea plant's newest growth unfurl. Fine white hairs cover these buds, hence why it called "white" tea. Only new leaves from the newest growth on a tea plant are handpicked and quickly dried to avoid oxidation, resulting in some of the most delicate, freshest tea available.
Oolong tea is neither a black tea nor a green tea. It is classified as its own category of tea. The tea master controls the final characteristics of the oolong by manipulating the way it is processed.
Benefits of Tea:
- Boosts Immunity
- Promotes good Heart Health
- Improves Oral Health
- Refreshes the mind
- Helps in Detox
Tea is the most consumed beverage in the world, and has medicinal properties in all cultures. It is a very refreshing beverage which is loved by almost every human being. Coffee on the other hand is the second most consumed beverage in the world. Coffee and tea lovers might be all over the world but getting the best quality coffee and tea is still a headache of almost everyone