Lavender, (genus Lavandula), genus of about 30 species of plants in the mint family (Lamiaceae), native to countries bordering the Mediterranean. Lavender species are common in herb gardens for their fragrant leaves and attractive flowers.
Lavender (Lavandula) is a small evergreen shrub with gray-green hoary linear leaves. The purple flowers are sparsely arranged on spikes at the tips of long bare stalks and produce small nutlet fruits. The fragrance of the plant is caused by shining oil glands imbedded among tiny star-shaped trichomes (plant hairs) that cover the flowers, leaves, and stems. It does not usually produce seed in cultivation, and propagation is accomplished by cuttings or by dividing the roots
Lavender oil, which is distilled from the flowers of the plant Lavandula, is used chiefly in fine perfumes and cosmetics. The fragrant constituents of lavender oil include linalyl acetate, linalool, pinene, limonene, geraniol, and cineole. It is a colourless or yellow liquid. Lavender water, a solution of the essential oil in alcohol with other added scents, is used in a variety of toilette preparations.
Benefits of Lavender
May help improve Sleep:
Insomnia is often a chronic and nagging problem. Cutting out caffeine and getting more exercise can help encourage sleep; however, other remedies may not be effective. When this is the case, a person might feel tired during the day.
If you’re willing to try anything for a restful night’s sleep, a study published in March 2017 in the British Association of Critical Nurses found lavender essential oil to be an effective remedy in improving the sleep quality of intensive care unit (ICU) patients who had difficulty sleeping.
Could Treat Skin Blemishes:
Lavender oil has long been used as a fragrance and in homeopathic remedies, but it also frequently serves as a topical ointment for the treatment of acne, eczema, and skin inflammation. A study published in May 2017 in the journal Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine found that applying lavender oil to affected areas may play a role in treating blemishes and ease inflammation. For those with sensitive skin, dilute the essential oil in water or a carrier oil before applying.
May reduce blood pressure:
Chronic high blood pressure can wear down the heart, increasing a person's risk of stroke and heart attack. But a small study published in 2017 in the Iranian Journal of Pharmaceutical Research found that when 40 people inhaled lavender essential oil after open-heart surgery, they saw a drop in blood pressure and heart rate compared with a control group — suggesting the oil had a positive effect on their vital signs. Yet the authors note that more research is needed on this possible benefit — namely, a randomized controlled trial, the gold standard for medical research, with a larger sample size.
Lavender Flowers are considered one of the healthiest in the nature with a wide variety of benefits for both mind and body.